North Korea is also drawing increasing concern.
It is noble to speak out against the proliferation of nuclear weapons. However, the U.S. is not really in a position to lead this discussion. Everyone understands the United States maintains the largest nuclear arsenal. Educated people know that the United States is the only nation to have used nuclear technology during a time of conflict. Depleted Uranium(DU) weapons must be included in this discussion. Most nations believe the U.S. is developing more types of nuclear weapons every year. Russia and China are certainly in this club, along with France, Israel, Pakistan, and India.
The only time any significant progress was made to reduce the world's nuclear arsenal was during the START Treaty negotiations.
START negotiations began in 1982.
The United States sought a treaty that would provide for "deep reductions" in U.S. and Soviet strategic offensive nuclear forces, equal limits on the two sides, and "effective verification." Talks were suspended in 1983, when the Soviets walked out in protest over U.S. intermediate-range missile deployments in Europe. Negotiations resumed in 1985 and Presidents George Bush and Boris Yeltsin concluded them in July 1991. On May 23, 1992, a protocol was signed between the U.S. and the four Soviet successor states that have weapons covered by START -- Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine.
The START II Treaty went a step further.
If the nations of the world were truly serious about reducing the threat of nuclear holocaust, similar bilateral negotiations and inspections would need to be initiated. Until this step begins, any state that wants to develop and maintain nuclear weapons, including China, France, United States, UK, North Korea, Israel, Iran, Pakistan, Russia, and others, will be free to do so at their discretion. In fact, some nations that do not currently have a nuclear weapons program may feel compelled to start one or at least purchase a few missiles from current manufacturers.
No amount of posturing before international institutions such as the United Nations will bring about any meaningful reduction in the threat posed by nuclear proliferation. In fact, most nations will continue to remain suspicious of the motives of any nation that calls for the elimination of any other nation's nuclear science efforts. This suspicion only grows when nations continue to market nuclear energy developments as aggressively as do the United States and Russia.